A United State of America (USA) based organisation, Democratic Vanguard of Nigerians in Diaspora (DVND) has called for caution, saying in case of any humanitarian situation in the country will not only spill over to other countries in African sub-region but also bear pressure on the outside world.
The group, however called for sincere prayers for the country.
In a statement signed by the President of DVND, Timothy A. Sule, and released to newsmen in Abuja on Wednesday to commemorate the June 12 as a democracy day, the group decried what it called “precarious political situation in Nigeria, especially the fears of imminent collapse of democracy in our great country of Nigeria.
“As a country of over 200 million people, any humanitarian situation will not only spill over to other countries in the African sub-region but also bear pressure on the outside world. We members of Democracy Vanguard of Nigeria in diaspora USA calls for sincere prayers for our great country Nigeria.
“Events of the 2019 general election, particularly the Presidential election, with the use of the military and other apparatus of force, by the President Muhammadu Buhari’s government to suppress free ballot, unleash violence on voters and coerce the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to alter results already delivered at the polling units, portend the termination of our constitutional democratic order unless efforts are concerted to stem the tide.
“The Presidential election was characterized by hounding, killing, wanton arrests, abductions and illegal detention of opposition figures, threats of violence against members of the international global democratic institutions working for peaceful and transparent polls, allocation of fictitious votes for President Buhari and his party, the All Progressives Congress (APC) and brazen attempt to foist an illegitimate ruler ship on our nation.
“The just concluded March 9, 2019 governorship and state assembly elections were also stamped by state backed intimidation, killing, arrest and illegal detention of opposition figures and use of security operatives to suppress Nigerians, in a bid to foist a one-party state and secure legitimacy for the widely rejected Presidential election results. Ladies and gentlemen, what has happened in Nigeria between February 23 and March 9 is akin to the perfection of a military coup and subjugation of the will of the people by a vetoed few.
“As you may be aware, in the last three years, there has been a calculated relegation of our nation’s constitution and extant laws; unrelenting attack on all our democratic institutions, particularly the National Assembly and the Judiciary, disobedience to court orders, clamp down on the media and members of the Civil Society Organization and a slide towards totalitarianism, with the Nigerian Federal Government, systematically working to silence legitimate dissent. Governance in our nation is gradually regressing to the 1984 era, when citizens were wantonly arrested, locked up and dehumanized with Military decrees for expressing opinion considered to be contrary to that of those in power.
“The report of international bodies, including the United States Department of States 2017 Country Report on Human Rights detailed human rights abuse in Nigeria to include extrajudicial and arbitrary killings; disappearances and arbitrary detentions; torture, particularly in detention facilities, including sexual exploitation and abuse; use of children by some security elements, looting, and destruction of property; civilian detentions in military facilities, often based on flimsy evidence; denial of fair public trial; executive influence on the judiciary; infringement on citizen’s privacy rights; restrictions on freedoms of speech, press, assembly, and movement among others.”
According to the statement, before the general elections, “the federal government, under President Buhari’s watch, has gradually worked towards total annihilation of our democracy. You will recall how in August 7th 2018, security operatives invaded our National Assembly and disrupted legislative activities in the bid to execute a forceful removal of the elected leadership of the Senate. This is in addition to constant harassment of federal lawmakers and besiegement of the official residents of the leaders of the Senate by security operatives.
“Even the Judiciary has not been spared. In January this year, Executive arm jettisoned the constitutional principle of separation of powers to assault the judiciary leading to the suspension and forcefully removal of a sitting Chief Justice of Nigeria. It is very instructive to convey to you that, today, act of nepotism, injustice and deliberate sectional marginalization by the Federal Government have so divided our nation along primordial fault lines that our corporate existence as a nation is heavily threatened. The rigging of the February 23 Presidential election and detestation towards having an illegitimate administration foisted to preside over the affairs of our nation pitches the citizenry against the establishment.”
It, however, urged Nigerians to reflect on the trust and craving by Nigerians that the United States, as the beacon of Democracy in the world and must not be silent in the face of the assaults and regression.
Buhari Approves N208bn for Varsity Infrastructure
President Muhammadu Buhari, on Saturday, said he had approved the disbursement of N208bn to federal universities for infrastructure.
The President said the approval was done under the 2019 intervention of the Tertiary Education Trust Fund to “address the deficiencies in all the segments of our educational system.”
Buhari said these at the 23rd convocation of the University of Abuja, where he was represented by the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Education, Mr. Sonny Echono.
The President, who is the Visitor to the school, said the university system must search for solutions to the nation’s developmental needs.
Buhari said, “The ability of Nigeria with its huge population to overcome its present challenges of development no longer depends on petroleum resources but on the ability of the country to develop its human capital. The present administration will continue to improve on the infrastructural facilities in the universities, promote teacher development and curriculum review.
“It is in furtherance of this that I recently approved the disbursement of N208bn to public tertiary institutions under the 2019 intervention of the TETFUND.
“The government will continue to look into the issues raised by the universities, especially regarding physical development and will equally monitor the universities closely.”
UNIABUJA Vice-Chancellor, Prof Michael Adikwu, said 4,946 students graduated from the institution with 24 first-class.
He said, “The total is made up of 4,725 undergraduates and 221 postgraduate students from the 2017/2018 session. We have 982 Second Class Upper and 2,498 Second Class Lower degrees. A total of 68 have doctoral degrees while 233 were awarded master’s degrees.”
FG Admits Shortcomings of 2019 Polls, Vows to Act on EU Recommendations
The presidency has welcomed the report of the European Union (EU) on the 2019 general election, promising to analyse it fully and act on the recommendations.
Garba Shehu, senior special assistant to the president on media and publicity, made this known in a statement in Abuja on Saturday.
Shehu said the EU observers were invited to the country by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and welcomed by the federal government.
He said this showed that the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari had “good intentions”.
In its report, the EU said there were marked improvements from previous elections, although it highlighted that more work needed to be done.
It also questioned the neutrality of INEC, condemning the violence witnessed in different parts of the country.
In its response, the federal government said it is working to address some of the concerns raised by the organisation.
“The administration of President Buhari will work with all Nigerian citizens, state institutions, parties, civil society, the media, and other experts to make sure that the improvements recommended by the EU are implemented, and that these areas of concern are addressed,” Shehu said.
“It is noteworthy that INEC is in receipt of a number of recommendations that form a part of the EU report. The presidency assures that the commission is in safe hands and happy that they are currently engaged in root and branch reviews of the 2019 general elections and will input lessons learned into its recommendations for electoral and constitutional reforms.
“We believe that the commission conducted a good election and will continue to improve on its processes and procedures. While it is regretted that the elections in a few parts of the country witnessed some violence, among other shortcomings highlighted by the EU, we note however that none of these hitches affected the overall outcome of the elections.”
Shehu expressed delight that the EU did not question the results of the presidential election, describing this as a “further proof that the polls reflected the overall will of Nigerians, and that the world is solidly behind the election of President Buhari for a second term”.
‘INEC’s Neutrality Questionable’ — 10 Highlights of EU Report on 2019 Polls
The European Union Election Observation Mission to Nigeria on Saturday released the final report gathered from its observation of the 2019 general election.
The report highlighted a number of issues regarding the polls and gave 30 recommendations to the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
The mission, which had in its preliminary report released in April, adjudged the polls as characterised by violence, underage voting, and vote-buying, however, said the election recorded some improvements compared to past ones.
“The systemic failings evident in the elections and the low levels of voter participation show the need for fundamental reform,” it read.
“Without this, there is a risk of unaccountable leadership and citizen disengagement. Such reform requires principled political leadership committed to the rights of Nigerian citizens and an inclusive process of national dialogue involving state institutions, parties, civil society, the media and other experts.
“This needs to be urgently undertaken to allow time for debate, legislative changes and implementation well in advance of the next elections.”
Below are some of the highlights from the report:
INEC RECORDED IMPROVEMENT
“The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) worked in a complex security and politically-charged environment, with its premises and officials subject to physical attacks and intimidation,” it read.
“INEC made a number of improvements, including making electoral participation more accessible through simplified voting procedures. INEC made efforts to strengthen electoral integrity by issuing regulations making smart card readers mandatory to accredit voters, but there were insufficient accompanying transparency measures.
“Other procedural weaknesses continued, including in regards to checks and transparency in the results process. Severe operational shortcomings resulted in the elections being postponed by a week just five hours before polling was due to start on 16 February.”
LACK OF TRANSPARENCY
The report said the 2019 polls recorded transparency issues even though it was highly competitive.
“Nigeria’s 2019 general elections were marked by severe operational and transparency shortcomings, electoral security problems, and low turnout. Positively, the elections were competitive, parties were overall able to campaign and civil society enhanced accountability,” it read.
“The leading parties were at fault in not reining in acts of violence and intimidation by supporters, and in abusing incumbency at federal and state levels.”
LESSER WOMEN PARTICIPATION
The EOM decried the decreasing participation of women in electoral positions.
“Nigeria has the lowest rate of women in parliament in Africa, with the number progressively decreasing since 2011,” it said.
“The number of women elected fell again. These systemic failings show the need for fundamental reform so elections better serve the interests of the Nigerian people.
“The proportion of women elected is well below the 30 per cent Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the 35 per cent national targets. 203 Similarly, the proportion of female candidates for national and state-level elections generally reduced in comparison to 2015 by an average of two percentage points to 10 per cent”
SUSPENSION OF CJN ‘QUESTIONABLE’
It said the suspension of Walter Onnoghen, former chief justice of Nigeria, is questionable, adding that due process was not followed.
“It was seen by many as undermining the security of tenure, damaging judicial independence and compromising the division of powers. The suspension did not follow due process, was divisive, and undermined confidence in the electoral process and opportunity for remedy.
“The mission observed that questionable procedures were followed by the Code of Conduct Tribunal. The removal of the chief justice of Nigeria during the elections had an inhibiting effect on the judiciary.
“Very few electoral offences result in arrest or prosecution, and thus there is an enduring culture of impunity.”
OVER 100 ELECTION-RELATED DEATHS
Violence was recorded across some states, including Lagos and Delta during the polls, leading to loss of lives and property.
“The elections became increasingly marred by violence and intimidation. This harmed the integrity of the electoral process and may deter future participation. Based on information available, around 150 people died in election-related violence during the campaign period and over the election days.
“Approximately 145 people were killed in election-related violence, 84 of which were in the South-South zone. This is a comparable figure to the 2015 general elections.
“However, exact numbers of incidents and fatalities are hard to obtain and there are different views on what is categorised as electoral and political violence.”
INEC’s CREDIBILITY QUESTIONABLE
“INEC’s neutrality and ability to withstand political pressure was increasingly questioned, particularly following the September 2018 off-cycle governorship election in Osun,” it said.
“INEC operated in a highly politically-charged and complex security environment. Its officials and premises were subject to physical attack, including abductions and intimidation, and there were also difficulties with some inter-institutional arrangements.
“A number of procedural weaknesses identified by previous EU election observation missions remained unaddressed, particularly regarding checks and transparency in the results process.”
According to the report, the Nigerian Television Authority (NTA) was biased in its covering and reportage of the polls, adding that it gave preferential treatment to President Muhammadu Buhari.
“There was evident partisan programming by the NTA. The joint share of exposure for the president, the government and the APC was over 84 per cent.
“During the EU EOM’s 46-day monitoring period, President Buhari had two hours and eight minutes of direct speech within the news, while Atiku Abubakar had seven minutes,” it said.
“Except for federal radio, state media primarily served the interests of the president or the governor at state level.
However federal government-owned TV clearly favoured the president and the ruling party.”
FAKE NEWS FACTOR
“Disinformation (fake/false narratives) was a key focus of political discussion with concern about its impact on the 2019 elections and risk of violence.119 Government officials repeatedly alerted the public to the risk of disinformation. People affiliated with both major parties posted false partisan information online.”
GUBER POLL MORE ORDERLY THAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
It judged the gubernatorial election as more orderly than its presidential counterpart.
“Polling was more orderly and assessed more positively by EU observers in comparison to the 23 February election day.”
TRANSPARENT COUNTING OF BALLOT
“Overall, the counting of ballots was transparent. In 25 out of 28 observed polling units, results forms were filled in completely. But in 12 cases collation was assessed as bad or very bad. In most cases, results forms and smart card readers were not packed in tamper-evident envelopes when delivered to collation centres.”
Meanwhile, Mahmood Yakubu, INEC chairman, has promised to ensure the implementation of the recommendations.
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